The Anatomy of the Knee!
The knee joint is formed by the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), the upper end of the shinbone (tibia) and the kneecap (patella). This is one of the biggest and strongest joints on the human body. There is cartilage on both surfaces of the joint, which protects and cushions the bones while bending and straightening the knee. In addition, muscles, meniscus, synovial membrane and ligaments that act as shock-absorbers and stabilizers of the knee joint.
Arthritis in the Knee:
Arthritis of the knee joint is a serious, painful disease that gets worse with age.
Osteoarthritis or OA is a degenerative, “wear and tear” condition.Knee is the most common joint in most populations to get osteoarthritis. This condition is seen in most people 50 years and older.
Over time the cartilage between joints wears away, it becomes rough and frayed, then protective joint space between two bones decreases.
Eventually, the friction between bone surfaces gets started by rubbing out. In some cases, in the absence of the cartilage the bone starts to grow outwards and forms very painful bony spurs which are also known as osteophytes.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, and you can get it in one or both knees. The most common symptoms are:
- Stiffness of the knee joint especially in the morning
- Pain with knee movements
- Swelling and redness
- creaking or grinding noises
Possible Causes of Knee OA:
- Age. The ability of cartilage to heal decreases as a person gets older.
- Weight. Weight increases pressure on all the joints, especially the knees
- Repetitive stress injuries
- Other illnesses
How Our Physiotherapy Can Help with Osteoarthritis…
Our Physiotherapists are specialized in assessment and personalized approach to treat every osteoarthritis. The treatment to minimize OA’s sign and symptoms include strengthening & stretching program, with certain pain management protocol. Lifestyle modifications play a major part in managing Knee OA and We can help you to build a personalized exercise program that meets your needs and lifestyle. If you are struggling to manage your knee OA symptoms get in touch with us to see if we can help.
Written by: Anjali Patel. Registered Physiotherapist Resident. Orthopaedic Physiotherapist. Concussion Management.
Integrative Physiotherapy is a Barrie-based clinic that believes in a one-on-one patient-centred, manual therapy (hands-on) approach to physiotherapy. We aim to empower our patients by providing quality care that is personalized to each patient in an interactive and friendly manner. Through the use of the best available treatment techniques, we aim to provide exceptional care so that each patient feels engaged and motivated.
Our therapists are continually upgrading their skills and taking time to provide comprehensive assessment and treatment techniques that are always one on one without the use of assistants or double booking patients to make sure that you achieve your functional and sports goals as soon as possible.
Our therapists would be happy to help you to achieve your goals, get in touch to schedule your appointment. Don’t let pain ruin your day!